If Candida albicans (the same fungus that causes mucosal candidiasis) multiplies in the vagina, a disease called genital candidiasis (vaginal yeast infection) occurs. The fungus is present in every women, although it does not normally reproduce or induce any symptoms due to the action of the acid that is produced by harmless bacteriae in the vagina.
The fungus develops only if bacteriae (that produce the acid) is destroyed, for example, with vaginal deodorants, irration agents or antibiotics. Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or when taking contraceptive pills can also enable the development of fungi. Candidiasis is very common and is not dangerous to health.
The main symptom is the irritation of the vagina and the rest of the genital area. An unusually dense, whitish discharge is also possible, as well as the pain during the intercourse. Urination is usually frequent and accompanied by a feeling of burning.
What to do?
To prevent the development of candidiasis, avoid nylon underwear (unlike cotton, nylon does not ”breathe”, and creates a warm, humid environment that is ”good”’ for infection), do not use vaginal deodorants or powders, and do scratch the vagina.
If you notice any symptoms of candidiasis, contact a doctor who will look at you and take vaginal swab for laboratory scan.
Vaginal yeast infection is usually treated with antifungal agents, in the form of a vaginal suppository or fat. This usually solves the problem. However, if the disease is repeated, your doctor may prescribe the fat that your partner should put on the penis. Namely, even though a man can not be infected with this disease, he can transmit it and, therefore, reinfect you. If you are taking contraceptive pills, and if the infection keeps coming back, your doctor will advise you on some other form of contraception.