Trophoblastic tumor is a rare formation that occurs during pregnancy. This tumor develops in the placenta and usually occurs in early pregnancy, and prevents further development of the fertilized egg. Tumor can also develop in the placental tissue that is left behind in the uterus after childbirth or abortion, and can occur at any time in the next five years (after the pregnancy).
Trophoblastic tumor can be benign or malignant. This is a rare disease; benign form occurs at 1 pregnancy out of 2000 and malignant in 1 pregnancy out of 40,000. Benign tumor does not spread out of the uterus, but malignant, if not treated, spreads to the uterine wall and via the bloodstream to the other parts body.
The main symptoms of the trophoblastic tumor are irregular bleeding from the vagina and extremely strong morning sickness.
What to do?
Go to your doctor if you have this symptoms. Examinations include ultrasound and urine analysis. The trophoblastic tumor causes excessive secretion of the HCG hormone from the placenta. The hormone passes into the urine and is easily detected by chemical analysis. The trophoblastic tumor is removed by the same procedure applied at the end of pregnancy. If a tumor is benign, no additional therapy is required; only a regular control over the next two years to check that the tumor has not re-occurred.
If the tests show that it is a malignant tumor, it may be necessary to remove the uterus and the patient should be taking cytostatics in the following (several) months to prevent spreading of the tumor. Regular controls, as with benign tumors, are also required. Prospects for complete healing are good.