Preeclampsia is an illness in an advanced pregnancy in which the blood pressure of a mother increases, while an excessive amount of fluid is accumulated in the body. The cause of this condition is unknown. If, besides that, mother’s urine contains proteins, there is a danger that a more dangerous condition – eclampsia – will occur, which is manifested by a severely increase in blood pressure.
If the preeclampsia is mild, you can feel perfectly good. It is therefore important to go to all examinations regularly so that the condition can be detected and treated as soon as possible. Severe preeclampsia, which can develop in the last weeks of pregnancy, is manifested by headaches, blurred vision, intolerance of strong light, nausea and vomiting, and swelling of the ankles. In that case you may be on the verge of eclampsia, with symptoms such as seizures of convulsions and, sometimes, dizziness. Preeclampsia is a common illness, especially during the first pregnancy, while eclampsia is rare today.
Mild preeclampsia is practically not dangerous for you or for your baby. Severe preeclampsia and eclampsia are dangerous but, as we already stated, those are very rare conditions. In a case of severe preeclampsia and/or eclampsia, placenta, which supplies the fetus with oxygen and food, is no longer fully effective. Eclampsia can also endanger the life of a mother.
Your doctor will probably prescribe a cure for blood pressure treatment. You can contribute to reducing your pressure by resting and reducing the amount of salt in your food.
If you still notice the symptoms of upcoming eclampsia (though the possibility is small), you will probably be received in a hospital where you will receive medication for lowering blood pressure, removing excess fluid from the body, and preventing seizure attacks. The ophthalmologist may decide to induce labor because all preeclampsia symptoms will disappear after childbrith.