High blood pressure in some women is found during routine examinations in their early pregnancies. The pressure may have been high some time before pregnancy, or maybe is a consequence of anxiety due to baby expectation. If the cause of high blood pressure is anxiety, the pressure will gradually fall to the normal level and remain on it as the future mother becomes more and more self-confident.
However, if the blood pressure was high before pregnancy it may fall somewhat in the middle of pregnancy, but at the end it will be high again. Symptoms generally do not exist. A present high blood pressure is not dangerous, but high blood pressure that occurs in late pregnancy may be a sign of preeclampsia or eclampsia. In any case, if the pressure is not regulated, it may cause bleeding (hemorrhage), death of the fetus or fetal growth restriction.
What to do?
If a pre-existing high blood pressure is discovered on time, chances of normal pregnancy are better. So, it is important to see the doctor as soon as you suspect you are pregnant. If your doctor finds out you have high blood pressure, you will need to go to regular examinations. The doctor will not only monitor your blood pressure, but will also conduct blood and urine tests to check the functioning of the kidneys and the general health of the fetus. Sometimes the development of the fetus is also checked by ultrasound. Your doctor will probably advise you to rest as much as you can.
If the pressure is elevated above a certain level, he will most likely prescribe you an antihypertensive drug, i.e. a medication to reduce the pressure. Most women with high blood pressure can deliver baby normally; however, if your blood pressure is very high, your doctor may recommend a Caesarean section (which should be performed about a week before the expected delivery).