Diabetes increases the risk of complications in pregnancy. About 15% of children of mothers with severe diabetes die before or immediately after birth, despite all precautions. In addition, mother’s life is twice as vulnerable as compared to the average.
While some woman know they have diabetes prior to pregnancy, some women who have mild form of diabetes learn that during their pregnancies; these are mostly women with diabetes in a family history. Women who have already given birth to a baby weighing 4.3 kg or more can also get a mild form of diabetes in later pregnancies.
What to do?
The doctor will perform a glucose tolerance test (see diabetes article) if he suspects the occurrence of diabetes in pregnancy, especially if he finds sugar in urine during routine laboratory analysis of two or more specimens. Do not worry – glucose is often found in the urine of pregnant women who do not have diabetes, and the test is just a measure of caution.
If it is confirmed that you have diabetes, you will be treated appropriately. Very often, these pregnant women go to the hospital where they spend the last 10 weeks of pregnancy so that the diabetes and the condition of the baby could be monitored. After the 36th week of pregnancy, the life of the baby becomes more and more endangered, so the labor will usually be induced or perform a Caesarean section.