When a child can not come out through the birth canal, or if it is dangerous for him/her, a horizontal or vertical cut – known as Caesarean section (or C-section) – is performed in the lower part of the abdomen and the uterus, and the baby is delivered through it.
C-section should be performed in case of extreme disproportion, complete placenta previa, unsuccessful labor inductions, signs of asphyxiation in baby and in many cases of abnormal position of the baby.
The patient (i.e. a woman who is about to give birth) usually receives general anesthesia, but some doctors apply an epidural anesthetic. The most common form of the Caesarean section is the so-called ”bikini cut”, just above the pubic hair.