The breaste normally secrete milk only after childbirth or, in some cases, several days before. If the breast starts to secrete milk at any other time (in women), or at any time in a man, the condition is called galactorrhoea. In this case, both breasts usually secrete small amounts of white or greenish milk.
Galactorrhoea is rare in women and even rarer in men. The condition is usually a result of excessive secretion of the hormone called prolactin. Prolactin is secreted by pituitary gland, and it stimulates the production of milk. Galactorrhoea may also be a result of hypothyroidism, conditions such as a pituitary gland tumor, or the result of taking some oral contraceptive means or suppressants. However, galactorrhoea can occur without any apparent reason. In women, this condition is often associated with the absence of menstruation (see amenorrhea).
What to do?
If you think you have galactorrhoea, contact your doctor. Carefully examine the discharge as this will help the doctor with a diagnose. If the doctor suspects that the galactorrhoea may be a result of the pituitary gland tumor, he will refer you to a specialist for appropriate diagnostic tests.
If the tests do not point to any obvious cause of the condition, you probably won’t need any treatment. You will be able to control the condition by not touching the breasts and, with that, you will not stimulate milk secretion. If the discharge is caused by some pituitary gland disease, your doctor will prescribe medication to correct the hormonal balance disorder, which will also prevent abnormal milk secretion.