Dysmenorrhea is a medical term for painful menstrual periods. If it occurs during the first three years after the onset of menstruation, the condition is called primary dysmenorrhea. It is believed that the pain is, in most cases, a consequence of normal hormonal changes during menstruation. Dysmenorrhea often lasts throughout the entire life.
If menstruation becomes painful three or more years after the first menstruation, the condition is called secondary dysmenorrhea. In this case, it is more likely that a root cause is a gynecological disease such as myoma, endometriosis, or pelvic infection.
The pains vary considerably from case to case. Some women feel dull abdominal or back pain, and other severe abdominal cramps. The pains are typically stronger at the beginning of menstruation and, in some cases, are accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Dysmenorrhea is very common, though mostly in mild form and does not require medical attention. The condition is dangerous only if it is a symptom of some basic disease.
Relieve the pain with tablets. If the pains are strong, you should rest in your bed. If the pains worsen, or if they re-occur after a long period (three or more years) of relatively painless menstruation, go to your doctor. He will examine you to determine the cause of dysmenorrhea and apply appropriate therapy. Pain may be alleviated by a variety of medications, and your doctor may also recommend you to take a contraceptive pill or any other medication that will affect your hormonal balance in order to relieve painful menstruation. Primary dysmenorrhea often disappears after a childbirth or with age.