Mucosa that surrounds the cervix consists of a sensitive red tissue, epithelium, which secretes mucus. Cervical erosion occurs when the epithelium extends to the part of the so-called endocervix (outer part of the cervix), where it usually excretes a small amount of mucus and may also bleed during the intercourse.
This condition is not a disease and is not dangerous. It could not even be said that erosion is in the true sense of the word, since the affected surface is not damaged. However, the epithelium is very sensitive – if it extends beyond the cervix it is susceptible to infection and, in more severe cases (where the stronger discharge is present), it may require treatment.
Some women are naturally prone to cervical erosion. In other, the condition occurs during pregnancy or after childbirth, or when taking estrogen-progestogenic contraceptive pills. The level of development of this situation varies considerably from case to case.
What to do?
If you regularly go to a vaginal examination and take cervical smear, which usually reveals any serious issues, you do not have to do anything else. If, however, discharge is so abundant that you need to change your underwear more than twice a day, contact your doctor. Do the same if you are bleeding after intercourse. Your doctor will check if you have cervical erosion, and then take cervical smear to determine whether or not there is cervical dysplasia. The doctor may also take the swab from the upper part of the vagina to check if there is an infection.
The expanded epithelium can be destroyed by cauterization. Cauterization is painless and is often performed outpatient or requires a short stay in the hospital (usually one day). You will probably have a thick and watery discharge from the vagina for two to three weeks after the procedure. You should have no problems after that, meaning, you can have an intercourse without worrying about the bleeding.