Urethritis

UrethritisUrethritis in an inflammation of the urethra (a tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body). In women, inflammation is usually a consequence of contusion (without infection) acquired during sexual intercourse. In men, urethritis is generally a result of an infection caused by a disease that is transmitted through sexual contact.

Chronic urethritis

Chronic urethritis is frequent inflammation of the urethra. Inflammation is often a consequence of contusion during the intercourse, especially if you are not relaxed. In rare cases, the cause is an infection.

Symptoms of chronic urethritis are similar to the symptoms of cystitis in women, with the difference that they last for only two or three days after the intercourse. Given the great similarity of the symptoms of chronic urethritis and cystitis, and the fact that urethritis often occurs in women who have just become sexually active, chronic urethritis is sometimes referred to as ”honeymoon cystitis”.

What to do?

Use the following self-help measures each time before the intercourse: drink a glass of water (before the intercourse),  apply lubricant, relax, empty the bladder completely shortly after the intercourse.

Treatment

You should go to the doctor and give a sample of urine for analysis. An eventual infection can be treated with antibiotics. If a chronic urethritis persists, your doctor may advise you on the operation – stretching the urethra or the vagina.

Non-specific urethritis

Non-specific urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra and it is transmitted through sexual intercourse, although many years ago the cause of the disease was not known due to the technical difficulties in isolating and identifying the microorganism (hence the name of the disease). According to modern laboratory examinations, about 45% of non-specific urethritis is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis, although there are probably other pathogens that cause this disease.

Symptoms of non-specific urethritis

In men, symptoms of non-specific urethritis occur 7 to 35 days (incubation period) after the infection. The first noticeable symptom is mildly burning sensation on the tip of the penis, which is sometimes felt only during the first morning urination. This can be accompanied by a rare, clear discharge, also (sometimes) only in the morning. If the infection is not treated, discomfort may worsen, and the discharge becomes more abundant and thick. Over time the symptoms may disappear, but the infection can lay low and, if not treated, can be transmitted to other people during the sexual intercourse. In women, non-specific urethritis usually does not cause any symptoms. The only symptom that may appear is  a little more abundant discharge from the vagina.

Frequency of non-specific urethritis

According to statistics of medical institutions specializing in sexually transmitted diseases, non-specific urethritis affects 1 person out of 500 people annually, and 80% of them are men. Non-specific urethritis is therefore the most common sexually transmitted disease.

What to do?

If you notice any of the symptoms described, go to your doctor or to a medical institution specializing in sexually transmitted diseases. Refrain from sexual intercourse until the disease is diagnosed, i.e. until the end of treatment. Your doctor will examine you and take a sample of the urine from the urethra for laboratory analysis. If the tests show that you have non-specific urethritis, the treatment is relatively simple – a treatment with antibiotics will cure the disease, but only if you follow the instructions and refrain yourself from sexual intercourse until the problem is solved. Your partner should also see the doctor, even if he/she does not have any symptoms of non-specific urethritis and, if doctor decides, that person may also recieve antibiotics.