Varicose ulceration occurs if you have poor circulation, and this is more likely to be with age, blood is circulating slowly through the lower parts of the body, especially through the tabs and ankles. In addition, any minor injuries or cracks on the skin will probably not cure quickly since the tissues are filled with stagnant fluid and poorly supplied with fresh blood. An injury or cracking may spread and gradually move to varicose ulceration.
Ulceration is a straight spot on which the surface of the skin has broken, leaving a bright, humid spot. Varicose ulceration most commonly appear on the skin from the inner side of the leg, just above the ankle. Both feet are affected sometimes. The skin becomes red, itchy and it peels, and the surrounding area is dull and appears to be colorful. In young adults, the ulceration usually heals in a few weeks, but older people may take months, even years.
Each year, approximately one in every 700 visits a doctor for this discomfort. Women are affected twice as often as men. Although varicose ulcer is not a serious problem, it may last for a few years. So, if you think you have a varicose ulceration, go to a doctor and in the meantime apply self-help measures.
Self-help: whenever you sit or lie down, raise your ankle as much as you can. Avoid longer standing and walk moderately.
Professional help: your doctor may give you an elastic bandage or a thick elastic stocking for walking during the day. If the ulcer is difficult, a doctor or nurse will clean it daily with a mild antiseptic and tend it. In some cases even that will not solve the problem, so you might be advised to go to the hospital. For the sake of faster healing, surgical procedure on veins or skin transplantation may be necessary.