Sarcoidosis is a rare disease in which sarcoids (fleshy inflammatory nodules) suddenly appear in one or more parts of the body – often on the lungs. The word “sarcoid” should not be confused with the word sarcoma. Inflamed tissues in sarcoidosis do not occur because of infection, nor are they the type of tumor. Doctors do not know how or why the disease occurs or why disappears, usually by herself. The symptoms vary, considering the affected tissues or organs; this disease often has no symptoms. If the lungs are affected, it will lead to loss of breath, and scar tissue, formed due to sarcoid, can lead to bacterial infection or bronchiectasis.
Sarcoidosis usually equally affects both men and women, and approximately two-thirds of patients are less than 40 years old.
What to do?
Sarcoidosis often has no symptoms, meaning the disease is usually found during routine examination. If the doctor suspects that you have sarcoidosis, will set the diagnosis after the X-ray of the lungs. Untreated sarcoidosis usually disappear after two or three years. However, the doctor may treat you with anti-inflammatory corticosteroids to help alleviate any painful symptoms.