If part of the mucous membranes of the nose extend and bulge in the nasal cavity, this growth is called a polyp.
Nasal polyps are caused by excessive formation fluids in the cells of the mucous membrane as a result of a disease state, for example, allergic rhinitis. The polyps are not dangerous, but one large or multiple small polyps can obstruct nasal passages and make breathing difficult, and weaken the sense of smell. If the opening between the nasal cavity and one of the sinuses is clogged, you can feel the pain in the head and on face, which resemble the pain with sinusitis.
What to do?
If your nose gets stuffed gradually, you may have polyps. Inspect the lining of the nose in the mirror by lighting up the nostrils. Polyps look like a pearl-gray lumps. However, polyps are often located in the back of the nose where it can only be seen by special instruments. If you suspect you have nasal polyps, you should go to a doctor who will, if he confirmes the diagnosis, refer you to otolaryngologist; the only way of treatment is the removal of polyps. This small operation is usually performed under local anesthesia, practically without complication, and usually is successful; however, in some cases, polyps can re-occur, meaning another small operation will be needed.