Spondylosis is stiffening and hardening of the spine, which causes it to lose its flexibility. This happens if some spaces between the vertebrae are narrowing, which is the result of degeneration of the intervertebral disks and loss of elasticity due to aging or injury. Sometimes, bone growths develop on the vertebrae or edges of degenerate discs, and they can exert painful pressure on the various nerves in the places where they are connected with the spinal cord. Tightening and hardening of the intervertebral joints is an additional burden on the spine and its supporting structures (muscles, ligaments and other vertebral disks), and every new effort makes the spine more susceptible to injuries.
Mild cases are often without symptoms. However, occasional spinal pain occurs in the part of the spine that is most affected, which affects the cervical vertebrae. The patient feels all the more severe back pain and the difficulty in folding or rotating the body. If the area of the lower back is affected, the patient may feel strong pain in the buttocks and legs, which are characteristic symptoms of the sciatica.
Spondylosis is common, especially after 40 years of age. Approximately one out of 150 people are referred to the physician because of this discomfort (in the average year). If you have frequent discomforts due to the prolapse of the disc, you may be particularly prone to spondylosis. Very rarely, severe spondylosis in the lower part of the spine creates disturbances upon urination, stool or walking.
What to do?
If you think you have spondylosis, try using recommended self-help measures from the treatment of back pain article.
If the symptoms last longer than three to four days, contact a doctor who will refer you to the X-ray of the spine and other diagnostic tests after the scan to diagnose and determine further specialist treatment.