This connective tissue disease causes inflammation of many muscles in the body, especially shoulders and buttocks. Unlike polymyositis, polymyalgia rheumatica will more often cause pain than weakness in the muscles. Affected muscles become sensitive and painful to the touch, and the joints with which they are connected are stiff, especially in the morning.
In some cases, a similar illness called temporal arteritis may develop. Polymyalgia rheumatica generally disappears by itself after some time – after several months or maybe even years. But, while it lasts, it can be very painful. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor will send you to the blood test and probably on the biopsy of one of the arteries to determine if temporal arteritis is developing. If you suffer from a mild form of rheumatic polymorphism, ordinary painkillers and antiinflammatory agents, such as aspirin or paracetamol, will be sufficient to alleviate the symptoms. In severe cases, corticosteroids are given.