Hypoparathyroidism is the inability of the parathyroid glands to secrete sufficient amounts of the hormone. Therefore, the level of calcium in the blood falls below normal. Disorder can occur due to insufficiency of several glands that secrete hormones, or ”by itself” (idiopathic). The cause of the disorder is unknown. The disease is rare and affects children more often than adults.
The main symptoms are painful spasms, like cramps in the hands, feet and throat, known as tetany (these are problems not confused with an infection called tetanus). In other symptoms we include tingling and numbness of the face and hands, cataracts of the eyes, dry skin, thinning hair, and often inflammation of the oral mucosa, or, in women, vaginal yeast infection. If disease interventions child and is not discovered. there is vomiting, headache, mental retardation, convulsions and weak development of teeth.
If you suspect that you have this disease, go to the doctor who will refer you to a certain blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Since the disease is diagnosed, you will need take tablets of vitamin D for the rest of the life; those tablets will establish normal levels of calcium in the blood. If you have a tetany seizure, the doctor will refer you to a hospital where you will get injection of calcium into a vein which will, within a few minutes, relieve the symptoms. With correct dosage of vitamin D you will achieve nearly normal state of health. To this end, you will have to go to the doctor every few months for control to verify dose and determining the level of calcium in the blood.