Scleritis is an inflammation of the sclera (white of the eye), a solid outer shell of the eyeball. This inflammation usually follows rheumatoid arthritis or some digestive disorders, including Crohn’s disease. It can affect one or both eyes.
Symptoms are one or more areas of strong redness on the sclera – except when the inflammation takes affects the back of the eye – and strong eye pain. If the back of the eye is inflammed, there may be partial loss of vision due to the inflammation of adjacent structures within the eyeball.
Scleritis is not a common disorder, and occurs between the ages of 30 and 60. It affects more women than men as well as people with rheumatoid arthritis, and may also appear in people with ulcerative colitis.
If the condition is not treated, there is a risk that the tissue, at the site onf inflammation, will get thinner.
It is therefore important that you contact your doctor immediately if you think you have scleritis.
In light and moderate cases, you can cure inflammation with antiinflammatory drugs in the form of tablets or eye drops. In severe cases, your doctor will prescribe immunosuppressive medicines. If the sclera is perforated, a surgical procedure will be required.