Benign tumor occurs on the visible part of the ear as a painless nipple, or in the outer ear canal as a hard bone formation (osteoma). Osteoma may be without symptoms, other than curumen accumulation, or is accompanied by symptoms of outer ear infection.
Malignant tumors on the visible part of the ear begin to grow like benign tumors, i.e. as lumps. They can bleed easily and, after some time, they will start to hurt. Malignant osteoma in the ear canal cause severe ear pain and bleeding.
Tumors of the external ear are very rare. However, all malignant tumors are dangerous, and if you notice any of the symptoms described above, contact your doctor immediately.
Benign tumors can be removed in a hospital, usually under the local anesthesia. Malignant tumors can be cured by radiotherapy if they are in the initial stage. If this does not help, the tumor will be removed – and, with it, a part of the external ear (or the whole visible ear) – at the hospital. After the surgery, the patient needs to stay in a hospital for one to two weeks. If the tumor is treated in the initial stage, the prognoses are good. A visible part of the ear can be restored with a plastic surgery.