Vincent’s Disease Symptoms and Treatment

Vincent's DiseaseVincent’s disease, sometimes referred to as acute ulcerative gingivitis, is a painful bacterial infection and gum ulceration, usually a part of the gum between the teeth. If the disease is not treated, it may extend to other parts of the mucous membrane.

Infection is the result of a number of factors – inadequate hygiene of the teeth and gums, throat infections and smoking. It is often preceded by gingivitis.


Symptoms occur within one or two days. The gums become red, swollen, and sometimes so painful that the patient can not eat. Gums will bleed and, after some time, ulcers will appear. The patient feels a metallic taste in his mouth and has an unpleasant breath.


Vincent’s disease is not common, and it mainly affects young adults. If you have the symptoms of Vincent’s disease, go as soon as possible to a dentist or a physician.


In order to relieve pain of inflammation, a mouthwash is usually prescribed. After a few days, after the inflammation has been weakened, the dentist will clean your teeth and gums. You may also get an antibiotic to suppress the infection. In some cases you will have to go to the dentist for a period of time, approximately every two weeks.

As the disease is eradicated, the dentist may advise you to have a minor operation on the gums since Vincent’s disease causes scars in places where the gums ”meet” with the teeth. The disease may reoccur because the remains of food and deposits (dental plaque) stay on those scars. Gum correction facilitates the hygiene of the mouth and teeth, and improves their appearance.