Gingivitis is a medical name for inflammation and swelling of the gums. The cause is tooth deposits (plaque), i.e. sticky aggregates of food particles and bacteria that are created on the basis of the tooth.
Bacterial poisons from the plaque cause microscopic sores at the edges of the gums, which are infected and swallow. When the gums swell, a ”pocket” is created between the gums and the tooth; this creates more plaque, the gums swell even more, the pocket is deepened, and the condition becomes worse if not treated immediately.
The healthy gums are bright pink colored and solid. The gums should not bleed (at least not significantly) when a person cleans them with a toothbruh. Gums that are affected with gingivitis are red, become soft and shiny, and swell. They can easily bleed even after the slightest stimulus – for example, with a toothbrush.
Gingivitis is a very common illness. It usually occurs in 90% of adults, though usually in milder form. Especially sensitive are pregnant women and diabetics. The disorder is less common in children.
The main danger is that untreated gingivitis will almost always cause gingival abscesses and Vincent’s disease may develop.
However, if you take care of tooth and gum hygiene and regularly go to the dentist for control, the form of gingivitis (if you get it) is likely to be mild.
Self-help: brush your teeth regularly with a toothbrush and remove the plaque from the tooth at least once a day with a special floss. To evaluate how much you’ve succeeded in it, chew the tablets to detect the deposits on the teeth.
Professional help: in serious cases, the dentist will advise you to wash your mouth with an antibacterial agent and remove deposits (plaque) and a stone-like substance (similar to the chalk) under which the dental plaque can be found. This procedure called scaling is done with a special instrument (see the article dentist). The dentist will also show you how you will most effectively clean your teeth with a toothbrush and a floss.
Practically all cases of gingivitis react to the treatment, and the gums are completely healed.
After that, it is up to you to maintain the tooth and gum hygiene if you want to avoid the return of the disease and the dangers of the development of the gingival abscess.