Cholera

CholeraThe causes of cholera is a type of bacteria that damages the intestinal mucosa and causes loss of up to 15 liters of fluid per day. Bacteria are transmitted by contaminated water or raw fruit and vegetables, in areas with poor hygiene. Therefore, most cases of cholera in developed countries can be attributed to visiting (or temporary stay) in less developed parts of the world.

Symptoms of illness include pain in the abdominal cavity and diarrhea; the stool resembles blurry water, and in severe cases it is ejected almost uninterruptedly.

The patient is extremely thirsty, has no fever, and vomits. Muscle cramps are also possible. If cholera is not treated, dehydration can lead to death. If you are abroad or have recently come back from abroad and suddenly get a very watery diarrhea that becomes stronger instead of disappearing after a few hours, seek medical help immediately. Meanwhile, drink as much as you can (but no alcoholic drinks).

If you got sick in a certain developed country (where the doctor will easily diagnose the disease if you tell him that you have recently been abroad), you will be placed in a hospital. The treatment is mainly focused on the regeneration of the body fluid by intravenous infusion. In order to eradicate cholera, you will also get antibiotics. You will probably recover completely in a period of seven to fourteen days, with no subsequent consequences.