This disease is very rare in developed countries. The cause of bacillary dysentery is a bacillus shigella, which attacks the mucosa of the colon, and is transmitted by physical contact under unhygienic conditions.
The main symptoms of bacillary dysentery – the pain in abdominal cavity and diarrhea – are similar to symptoms of gastroenteritis, although in some cases diarrhea may be bloody.
Preventive measures and treatment are much less the same as for other gastrointestinal infections. In severe cases antibiotics are prescribed, as the benefits of such therapies are greater than the “damage” caused by antibiotics in most gastrointestinal infections.