Amoebic dysentery, caused by a tiny single-celled animal, is not common. The main symptom is bloody diarrhea, which can last for several weeks, and come back again. Sometimes the cause – aboeba – spreads from the gastrointestinal tract to the bloodstream and settles in the liver where it causes abscess.
If you have been abroad recently – especially in tropical areas – your doctor will, if he thinks that you have amoebic dysentery, send your stool to an analysis at the tropical medicine laboratory. The disease is treated with a combination of medicines taken three times a day for 10 days.
Medications can cause vomiting, and you will also receive injection of antiemetic drugs (drugs that are effective against nausea and vomiting). After the diarrhea has stopped, the stool will be examined every month until it is absolutely certain that there is no longer any cause of the infection in your digestive tract. Meanwhile, you have to be careful about thoroughly washing your hands after every defaecation and before preparing the food to prevent the transfer of the infection.