Wilms’ tumor is malignancy which almost exclusively affects children under the age of five. The main symptom of the tumor is a hard swelling on one side of the abdomen. There may be blood in the urine, and abdominal pain also occur.
Wilms’ tumor is rare. It accounts for 5% of all deaths from cancer among children between the ages of 2 and 12.
Dangers are the same as in any other type of cancer. Cancerous cells spread to other parts of the body. But, due to the progress in the modern way of treating, the prospects of healing have been significantly improved.
What to do?
If you notice any of the symptoms described, contact your doctor. If he suspects that your child has a tumor, he will refer him/her to special X-ray, i.e. intravenous pyelogram (IVP).
If the diagnosis of Wilms’ tumor is confirmed, the affected kidney must be surgically removed. The child will also receive cytostatics (anti-inflammatory drugs); they will destory and possible remaining cancer cells. Radiotherapy can also be used for this purpose. The treatment is successful in 80% of cases.