Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease occurs in the first two years of life, usually in the first three months. Most often it occurs on the head (known also as a scald head), but it can also occur on the face, neck, underarm, and groin (for general information see eczema).
In a case of a scald head, a layer first occurs on the scalp, and after it yellow, greasy and crusty stains that sometimes extend over the eyebrows and behind the ears. Seborrheic dermatitis on the face occurs in the form of small red acnes and pimples that turn red when the baby cries or when he is hot. On other parts of the body it appears in the form of red spots with the crusty areas.
Eczema does not cause interference or affect the general health condition. In rare cases of infection the stains become moist, and yellowish liquid comes out of them.
The cause of this dermatitis is unknown, but sometimes it can be caused by a diaper rash that begins in the groin and spreads along the body. Annually, approximately every 100th baby needs to be treated due to seborrheic dermatitis.
The disorder usually disappears by itself and there is no need to see a doctor. The affected areas must be dry, clean and soaked with talc. If the scald head is ugly, carefully rub the scalp with baby oil or vaseline. That way, it will be easier to peel and remove it. The physician can also prescribe a special cream for easier peeling of the scald head. If the affected skin is infected, contact a doctor who will prescribe an antibiotic cream to suppress the infection. For seborrheic dermatitis which is the result of a diaper rash, your doctor will prescribe corticosteroid cream.