Lichen is a disease in which a fungus called tinea infects the skin, resulting in crusty, itchy surfaces. In children, the lichen usually affects the scalp, torso or feet. Foot dermatomycosis is known as athlete’s foot.
When the lichen affects the scalp, the skin becomes sore and itchy, and bald surfaces are formed. Lichen on the torso starts as a small, round and red spot that is crusty and itchy. This spot gradually grows up to a diameter of about 25 mm. While growing, the central area heals, and the red ring remains on the skin. After one to two weeks, new spots may appear near this one.
Lichen is contagious, and you can get it from a dog or cat. It is much more common in children than adults. Approximately every 100th child has this disease.
What to do?
When it comes to dermatomycosis, you alone can not help your baby. Do not wait, and take the child to the doctor as soon as the symptoms appear. A doctor will probably prescribe some fat or cream that you will have to apply on the affected skin parts at least twice a day. If the scalp (or large part of the torso) is affected, the doctor will prescribe antimycotic syrup (antifungal medicine). A sick child should not go to school until the lichen passes. Throw the combs, brushes, or caps used by your child, and if your dog or cat also has lichen, you need to contact the vet for treatment. If you pay close attention to the treatment, lichen on the scalp and the body usually disappears and probably will not come back again.