A child born with clubfoot has one or both feet rotated downwards and inwards or upwards and outwards. Many newborns or infants with a normal foot persistently rotate their feet, but you can move them to the right position; you will not be able to do this with a deformed foot.
This deformation, which is usually inherited, affects approximately one child out of 500. With modern treatment methods, almost all cases can be detected at birth and cured.
If the deformation is too small, it is important to teach the mother how to stretch the child’s foot every day until it is in the normal position. If a deformation is severe, the first thing to do is to correct the deformation with manipulation, and then place a gypsum on the foot to prevent growth in the deformed position. Occasionally, the gypsum is removed, the foot is further manipulated to the normal position, and a new gypsum is placed. This is repeated for a year or more until the foot becomes normal. In severe cases of deformed feet, a surgery (or, rarely, multiple surgeries) is required to correct deformation. The results of the operation are very good.