Baby eczema (pediatric atopic dermatitis) is a condition that is manifested in red, scabby, itchy, and sometimes moist skin. It occurs in the first years of life and may take a while (see eczema). Because of eczema, approximately every tenth child is taken to the doctor annually.
In mild cases the skin is slightly dry, red and scabby, and only a small area is affected. In severe cases the rash covers the large body surface. There are small red pimples that, since kids are scratching them, begin to form large wet areas that are covered with scab.
An infection may develop if the eczema is moist, especially on the surfaces below the diaper. Some vaccines may cause the appearance of bubbles on the skin affected by eczema, and usage of those vaccines should be delayed until the rash is reduced (with treatment).
What to do?
The mild forms of this disorder do not require treatment other than the use of vaseline or olive oil to relieve the symptoms. In severe cases you should consult a physician.
Self-help: make sure that the clothes in direct contact with the child’s skin is made of cotton. Do not use any grease or creams before you consult with a physician, and use a grease instead of soap, which emulsifies when it is dissolved in bath water, for skin washing and easier removal of the scab.
Professional help: if a child suffers from severe itching, the doctor will probably prescribe the antihistamines. The severe stage of this disease is cured with corticosteroid fats or creams. If the eczema is infected, an antibiotic may be prescribed. In some children eczema disappears after a few months. In other children eczema is sometimes stronger, sometimes weaker and lasts for several years, especially on fists and feet, and on the inner joints of elbows and knees. In most children the disorder disappears before the puberty, and only in 10% is permanent.